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Holy Roman Empire Eagle
TWO-HEADED EAGLE
DOUBLE-HEADED EAGLE
SYMBOLISM
INDEX OF PAPERS
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Double-headed eagle
The history and major significations of the double-headed eagle are eminently detailed by Chetwode Crawley,1 and Albert G. Mackey2 who report that the symbol was most likely introduced into Freemasonry in 1758, upon the establishment of the Council of Emperors of the East and West in Paris. This was a part of the Rite of Perfection, a rite of twenty-five degrees, from which was evolved a large part of the present system of Scottish Rite. It only remains to add several other interpretations.
Hittite Eagle
Alaca Höyük city gate, Turkey (1450-1180 BCE).
Dr. Rex R. Hutchens in his description of the Scottish Rite degrees, A Bridge to Light3, explains that it is a symbol of the balance between good and evil. Without citation, the claim has also been made that "the two headed eagles are the coming together of two houses (families), Abraham and Lot though Boaz and Ruth"4. While little weight is given to claims for an hermetic source for masonic symbolism, note should be taken of claims that the eagle is a sign of scorpio and is emblematic of transformation; and therefore the double heads are emblematic of the reconciliation of matter and spirit.5

1. "The Two-headed Eagle of the Ancient and Accepted Rite." W. J. Chetwode Crawley. Ars Quatuor Coronatorum. vol. xxiv (1911) Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076. pp. 21-24.
2."Eagle, Double-headed", Albert G. Mackey. Encyclopedia of Freemasonry. p. 299-301.
3.A Bridge to Light, Dr. Rex R. Hutchens (1942- ). Washington, D.C. : Supreme Council, 33°, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Southern Jurisdiction, U.S.A., 1988.
4.dcpages.com accessed 2010/02/22.
5.symboldictionary.net accessed 2010/02/22.

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