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THE EYE AND PYRAMID
ANTI-MASONRY REFUTED
ANTI-MASONRY FAQ
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Documents of the Bavarian Illuminati
Current conspiracy theorists will often claim that the reverse of the USA great seal is the symbol of the Illuminati. If they feel the need to justify the claim, they might mention a document or manuscript that was on display "until recently" in the British Museum. The British Museum has a number of items displaying an all-seeing eye, none identified with the Bavarian Illuminati.
The single eye was a well-established artistic convention for an 'omniscient Ubiquitous Deity' in the medallic art of the Renaissance. For example, the frontispiece of Sir Walter Raleigh’s The History of the World (1614) showed an eye in a cloud labeled "Providentia" overlooking a globe. 1. .
Also noteworthy is a ceiling mural from the meeting hall of the Bavarian Illuminati in Ingolstadt, Bavaria. While depicting a number of scenes from classical mythology, it has no representations of eyes or pyramids.
2. .
The following list comprises the major publications of primary source material of or about the Bavarian Illuminati. Few of them contain any illustrations or images other than a printer’s mark. None contain an image of an eye and pyramid. Although the pyramid, as a symbol of hierarchy, is spoken of in the printed ritual, it was not used as an emblem or mark representing the Illuminati.

I. Apologetic writings.
Weishaupt,Apologie der Illuminaen, Frankfort and Leipzig, 1786.
"Vollstständige Geschichte der Verfolgung der Illuminaten in Bayern, I, Frankfort and Leipzig, 1786.
"Das verbesserte System der Illuminaten mit allen seinen Graden und Einrichtungen, Frankfort and Leipzig, 1787.
"Kurze Rechtfertigung meiner Absichten, Frankfort and Leipzig, 1787.
"Nachtrag zur Rechfertigung meiner Absichten, Frankfort and Leipzig, 1787.
Bassus,Vorstellung denen hohen Standeshäuptern der Erlauchten Republik Graubünden, Nuremberg, 1788.
Knigge,Philo’s endliche Erklärung und Antwort auf verschiedene Anforderungen und Fragen, Hanover, 1788.
II. Documents of the order, published by the Bavarian government or otherwise, and hostile polemics.
Einige Originalschriften des Illuminaten Ordens, Munich, 1787.
Nachtrag von weiteren Originalschriften, Munich, 1787
Der ächte Illuminat, oder die whren, unverbesserten Rituale der Illuminaten, Edessa (Frankfort-on-the-Main), 1788
Cosandey, Renner, and Grünberger, Drei merkwürdige Aussagen die innere Einrichtung des Illuminatenordens, Munich, 1786
Same (with Utzschneider), Grosse Absichten des Ordens der Illuminaten mit Nachtrag, I, II, III, Munich, 1786.
Der neuesten Arbeiten des Sparticus und Philo, Munich, 1793.
Illuminatus Dirigens, oder Schottischer Ritter. Ein Pendant, etc., Munich, 1794.

List reproduced from Vernon [L.] Stauffer, New England and the Bavarian Illuminati. Studies in History, Economics and Political Law, edited by the Faculty of Political science of Columbia University. Volume LXXXII, Number 1. Whole Number 191. Chapter III, pp. 142-228. New York: The Columbia University Press, Longmans, Green & Co., Agents. London: P. S. King & Son, Ltd., 1918. (Dean and Professor of New Testament and Church History, Hiram College) 374 pages.
Title page images reproduced from Die Illuminaten, Quellen und Texte zur Aufklärungsideologie des Illuminatenordens (1776-1785) Herausgegeben von Jan Rachold. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin: 1984.

1. Also see Symbols, Signs and their meaning and uses in design Arnold Whittick. London: Leonard Hill, 1971. ISBN 0 249 44028 8. 383pp. "It is often placed high above the alter as in the Pfarrkirche at Grmunden am Traunsee (1626) and the Fisherman’s church at Traunkirchen, while it appears over the doorway of the church of the monastery of St. Florian near Linz." [p. 239.] Fig. 43 (c) Symbolic eye from painted bedhead, 1843; also on wardrobe, 1748, in the Kasererbrau Hotel, Salzburg. The eye set in a triangle with the sun’s rays is a common symbol in Renaissance churches in Austria. [p. 242.] Also see Eugène Goblet Count D'Alviella’s La Migration des Symboles Paris: 1891; eng trans. intro. by Sir G. Birdwood, London: 1894. ^
2. "The Rulers of Darkness — A Chapter from the secret history of Europe in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries", Nesta H. Webster (1876-1960). The Sphere. April 9, 1927: London. p. 54. Reprinted in Behind World Revolution, The Strange Career of Nesta H. Webster Richard M. Gilman. 1982: Insight Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan. unnumbered page following p. 48.
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